Most Venerable Liao Chung, the President of World Buddhist Sangha Council (WBSC) and the Chief Abbot of Shan Dao Temple, Taipei, Taiwan Passed Away....

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Taipei, Taiwan  I  March 09, 2022  I  08.23 AM –

Most respected Monastic Patriarch of the Taiwan Sangha, Most Venerable Liao Chung – the President of World Buddhist Sangha Council (WBSC) and the Chief Abbot of Shan Dao Temple, Taipei, Taiwan passed away in Shan Dao Temple of Taipei, Taiwan, on today March 09, 2022. Most Venerable Liao Chung was 91 years old when he passed away. To follow his instructions before he is dying, there will be no funeral ceremony scheduled to be held. The cremation ceremony will be held on March 22, 2022, and the body will be enshrined at Shan Dao Temple of Taipei, Taiwan. A lifetime member of the World Buddhist Sangha Council (WBSC), Most Venerable Dr. Galle Udita Maha Nayaka Thero has expressed his deepest condolences on the demise of the President of World Buddhist Sangha Council (WBSC) and the Chief Abbot of Shan Dao Temple, Taipei, Taiwan Most Venerable Liao Chung.

世界佛教僧伽会会长了中长老圆寂

世界佛教僧伽会会长、台北善导寺方丈、台湾玄奘大学创办人了中长老,毕生弘法利世,业已功圆果满,于2022年3月9日晚9时,安详示寂,住大涅槃!享年90岁,僧腊82年,戒腊76夏。了中长老系江苏省泰州市人,1932年10月28日出生。俗姓周,出家法名了中,字号大定,为海内外极具影响力之著名高僧,世界佛教僧伽会会长暨玄奘大学创办人。长老自幼记忆力过人,读书几乎是过目不忘,九岁于江苏泰州北门下河马庄法华庵(今泰州法华寺)依圆成上人出家,十一岁入姜堰佛化小学就读,十五岁赴泰州光孝寺佛学院就读。在班上一向名列前茅。1947年在南京古林寺受具足戒,先后游学于南京栖霞佛学院、上海静安佛学院。1961年东渡扶桑,在日本东京立正大学留学八年,获文学硕士学位,并修完博士课程。曾先后出任台湾太虚佛学院教务主任、文化大学哲学系讲师。1970年,创办法藏佛学院并出任院长。

1977年起,了中长老出任台湾中国佛教会秘书长,前后长达十五载。任职期间,完成会籍之整理,会务之整顿及拓展,并建立各项健全制度。1985年,受聘担任台北华严莲社住持,1987年受聘台北首刹善导寺住持,1997年担任善导寺董事长兼住持。1986年,世界佛教僧伽会于泰国曼谷召开第四届大会,经会长白圣长老提名了中长老为中文秘书长,与英文秘书长伟波拉色拉博士共同推动世界佛教僧伽会之会务工作。2000年世界佛教僧伽会第七届大会在台湾地区举办,了中长老荣膺世界佛教僧伽会会长。1997年,了中长老创办玄奘大学,办学初始,得到时任中国佛教协会会长赵朴初居士的大力协助,同年8月,了中长老率领两百余位四众弟子,组成“恭迎玄奘舍利团”,前往南京灵谷寺,迎请“玄奘三藏法师顶骨舍利”回台,并供奉于玄奘大学白圣纪念大楼“三藏馆”,以为镇校之宝。

2020年4月22日,了中长老以无比殷重的心情,将南京灵谷寺迎请来的玄奘大师顶骨舍利真迹,亲自交给现任董事长性广法师,语重心长。1988年以来,了中长老多次回祖国大陆寻根谒祖。2001年4月了中长老向祖庙法华寺敬赠缅甸羊脂玉玉佛一尊,高1.3米,重450公斤;当年10月24日,亲自主持玉佛开光大典。2008年募化资金支持重修法华寺。2010年,了中长老再赠法华寺三尊贴金大佛,安置在该寺新落成的大雄宝殿内。2013年,了中长老率团拜访中国佛教协会,在座谈交流时对中国佛教协会和中国佛教协会已故前会长赵朴初居士在玄奘大学筹建过程中所给予的帮助和支持表示感谢。了中长老表示,多年来,两岸佛教界的友好交流取得了丰硕成果,这离不开中国佛教协会对两岸佛教界交流与合作的支持。2013年10月12日,台湾世界佛教僧伽会会长了中长老一行拜访中国佛教协会,传印长老向了中长老赠送墨宝。 2014年5月7日 ,玄奘大学举行浴佛大典,典礼结束后,了中长老与新竹市佛教会贵宾们悠游校内名警──澄心湖。

2015年11月9日,84岁的了中长老在玄奘文教基金会第十届第二次董事会上幽默地说:做也会死,不做也会死;与其不做等死,不如做到死。了中长老这番“老骥伏枥,志在千里”的勉励,历久弥新,令人感动!2018年12月5日,台湾善导寺举办住持升座典礼,大慧法师接任住持。(左起:净良长老、大慧法师、了中长老)2020年3月17日,了中长老预立遗嘱,交代三事:一、临终时,不得用任何方式急救,以延长生命,令其自然而去。二、入灭时,不发丧,不发讣闻,不举行赞诵会,不举行卦龛说法等仪式。三、一切礼忏、放焰口、超度等佛事莫做,来慰唁者,请念观世音菩萨圣号以助念。

Most Venerable Liao Chung Elder was born in Taizhou City, Jiangsu Province, on October 28, 1932. The common surname is Zhou, and the name of the monk is in the middle. The elder has an excellent memory since he was a child, and his reading is almost unforgettable. At the age of nine, he became a monk at the Fahua Nunnery (now Fahua Temple in Taizhou, Taizhou) under the name of Venerable Yuancheng. At the age of eleven, he entered Jiangyan Fohua Primary School. At the age of 20, he went to study at Guangxiao Temple Buddhist College in Taizhou. Always at the top of the class. In 1947, he received full ordination at Nanjing Gulin Temple, and successively traveled to Nanjing Qixia Buddhist College and Shanghai Jing’an Buddhist College. In 1961, he went to Fuso in the east. He studied at Risho University in Tokyo for eight years, obtained a master of arts and completed a doctoral course. He has successively served as the Academic Director of Taixu Buddhist College in Taiwan and a lecturer in the Department of Philosophy of Cultural University. In 1970, he founded the Fa-Zang Buddhist College and served as the dean.

Since 1977, Elder Liaozhong has been the secretary general of the Chinese Buddhist Association in Taiwan for fifteen years. During his tenure, he completed the organization of membership, the rectification and expansion of conference affairs, and established various sound systems. In 1985, he was hired as the abbot of Taipei Huayan Lotus Society, in 1987 he was hired as the abbot of Shandao Temple, the first temple in Taipei, and in 1997, he served as the chairman and abbot of Shandao Temple. In 1986, the World Buddhist Sangha Association held its 4th General Assembly in Bangkok, Thailand. The president, Bai Sheng, nominated the middle elder as the Chinese Secretary General, and jointly promoted the conference affairs of the World Buddhist Sangha Association with the English Secretary General Dr. Wei Bo La Sera. . In 2000, the Seventh Congress of the World Buddhist Sangha Association was held in Taiwan, and Elder Laozhong was honored as the President of the World Buddhist Sangha Association.

In 1997, Elder Liaozhong founded Xuanzang University. At the beginning of the school, he was greatly assisted by the then president of the Buddhist Association of China Zhao Puchu. The group”, went to Nanjing Linggu Temple, welcomed the “Pastoral Bone Relic of Master Xuanzang Sanzang” back to Taiwan, and enshrined it in the “Sanzang Hall” of the White Saint Memorial Building of Xuanzang University, as a treasure of the town school. On April 22, 2020, with an incomparably serious mood, the elders of Liaozhong handed over the authentic parietal bone relic of Master Xuanzang, who was invited to Linggu Temple in Nanjing, to the current chairman, Master Xingguang. Since 1988, the elders of Liaozhong have returned to the motherland many times to find their roots and ancestors. In April 2001, the elders of the middle school presented a Burmese suet jade jade Buddha to the ancestral temple Fahua Temple, which was 1.3 meters high and weighed 450 kilograms; on October 24 of that year, he personally presided over the opening ceremony of the jade Buddha. In 2008, funds were raised to support the reconstruction of Fahua Temple. In 2010, Elder Liaozhong presented three golden Buddha statues in Fahua Temple, which were placed in the newly built Mahavira Hall of the temple.

In 2013, Elder Liaozhong led a delegation to visit the Buddhist Association of China. During the discussion and exchange, he expressed his gratitude to the Buddhist Association of China and the late former president of the Buddhist Association of China for their help and support in the preparation of Xuanzang University. Elder Liaozhong said that over the years, the friendly exchanges between the Buddhist circles on both sides of the strait have achieved fruitful results, which cannot be separated from the support of the Buddhist Association of China for the exchanges and cooperation between the Buddhist circles on both sides of the strait. On October 12, 2013, the President of the Taiwan World Buddhist Sangha Association and his delegation visited the Buddhist Association of China, and the elder Chuanyin presented the calligraphy to the elder. On May 7, 2014, Xuanzang University held the Buddha Bathing Ceremony. After the ceremony, the elders of Liaozhong and the distinguished guests of the Hsinchu City Buddhist Association took a leisurely tour of the famous police officer in the campus, Chengxin Lake.

On November 9, 2015, the 84-year-old elder Lu Zhong said humorously at the second board of directors of the 10th Xuanzang Cultural and Educational Foundation: If you do it, you will die, if you don’t do it, you will die; instead of waiting for death if you don’t do it, it is better to do it. to death. With the encouragement of the middle-aged elders, “Old Ji is still in the dark, and the ambition is a thousand miles away”, it has lasted for a long time, which is touching! On December 5, 2018, the abbot promotion ceremony was held at Shandao Temple in Taiwan, and Venerable Dahui took over as the abbot. (From left: Elder Jingliang, Master Dahui, and Elder Liaozhong) On March 17, 2020, the elders of Liaozhong made an advance will, explaining three things: 1. When dying, first aid should not be used in any way to prolong his life and let him go away naturally. 2. When entering extinction, no funerals, no obituaries, no chanting meetings, no ceremonies such as hexagrams and altars. 3. Don’t do any Buddhist deeds, such as ritual repentance, burning flames, and transcendence. Those who come to offer condolences, please recite the holy name of Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva.

The full name of this temple is Pure Land Sect Shandao Temple. It is located at No. 23, Section 1, Zhongxiao East Road, Taipei City. The Taipei School of Education opened. After the liberation in 1945, the Taipei City Government Education Bureau took over it according to law, and in 1948, it was handed over to Layman Li Zikuan to take over. From 1948 to 1954, Daxing, Zhangjia, Nanting and Yinshun were successively hired as tutors. In 1954, it was approved and changed its name to “Taipei Pure Land Sect Shandao Temple”. After 1956, it was changed to be managed by abbots, and eight domestic sangha and great virtues were successively hired as abbots. The succession of the abbots of this monastery is based on the ten-direction jungle system, and the abbot’s ordained disciples are not passed on. Sanghas from the ten-direction Dao Laju are selected to be the abbots of the monastery. Therefore, the previous abbots of this monastery have no teacher-disciple relationship.

This temple enshrines the relics of Sakyamuni Buddha, which were originally collected by the ancient stupa of Mahiyangana Rajamaha Viharaya in Sri Lanka. In 1988, two relics were invited from the temple museum and presented to the temple for worship. In May of that year On the 29th, when the Buddha’s relic arrived at the national gate, thousands of people greeted it at Taoyuan Airport. The temple was held in the Daxiong Hall for three days. More than tens of thousands of people paid their respects devoutly, and then they were placed in the relic stupa. On important special Buddhist festivals, the pagoda was opened for display. In order to pay homage to and bask in the Buddha’s light together.